The World Health Organization is an international institute that has been looking after the well-being of the members of the United Nations since its establishment in 1948. Since then, United Nations has religiously fulfilled its role in uplifting the world’s health and played major parts in eradicating smallpox and controlling other communicable diseases such as HIV or AIDS, Ebola, Malaria, and tuberculosis. It is the lead and front running body in educating the public about sexual and reproductive health, development and aging, nutrition, food security, healthy eating, occupational health, and substance abuse. Yearly, it gathers budget from voluntary contributions from all around the world.
Each year, the World Health Organization publishes World Health Statistics to help interpret the current status of the world’s health through numbers. These are taken from various significant studies and are carefully plot down into meaningful numbers. The indicators used in this report have been included on the basis of their relevance to global public health, on data availability and quality, and on the reliability and comparability of the resulting estimates. Taken together, these indicators provide a comprehensive summary of the current status of national health and health systems in the following nine areas:
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WHO presents World Health Statistics 2015 as an integral part of its ongoing efforts to provide enhanced access to comparable high-quality statistics on core measures of population health and national health systems. Unless otherwise stated, all estimates have been cleared following consultation with Member States and are published here as official WHO figures. However, these best estimates have been derived using standard categories and methods to enhance their cross-national comparability. As a result, they should not be regarded as the nationally endorsed statistics of Member States which may have been derived using alternative methodologies.
The World Health Statistics 2015 has presented these status and trends.
- Between 1990 and 2013, the number of children affected by stunting declined globally from 257 million to 161 million, representing a decrease of 37%.
- Progress in child survival worldwide has been described as one of the greatest success stories of international development, with child deaths being almost halved over the last two decades compared to the 1990 MDG baseline. Between 1990 and 2013, the mortality rates of children under five declined by 49%, falling from an estimated 90 deaths per 1000 live births to 46 deaths per 1000 live births.
- The prevalence of contraceptive use among women aged 15–49 years who were married or in a consensual union increased globally from 55% in 1990 to 64% in 2012.
- In 2013, an estimated 2.1 million people were newly infected with HIV – down from 3.4 million in 2001. By the end of 2013 about 12.9 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally.
- Globally, an estimated 3.2 billion people are at risk of being infected with malaria and developing disease, with 1.2 billion at particularly high risk (greater than a one-in-thousand chance of getting malaria in a year). According to the latest estimates, 198 million cases of malaria occurred globally in 2013 and the disease led to 584 000 deaths. The WHO African Region bears the highest burden of malaria, accounting for an estimated 90% of all malaria deaths worldwide. More than three quarters (78%) of malaria deaths occur in children aged < 5 years.
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These trends and statuses in presented in the World Health Statistics 2015 will continue to affect the operations of the World Health Organization in years to come but most of all, it will also affect the landscape of the industries that has depended on the industry of healthcare. This could also affect the industry of healthcare outsourcing being one of the leading resource in providing immediate solution.
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